Symptoms associated with heart disease vary according to the type of disease affecting the heart and its causes, and common symptoms of heart disease are heart palpitations, chest pain, and shortness of breath. Such as angina pectoris, heart attack, and heart failure, so care must be taken to conduct periodic examinations when any signs or risk factors occur to help early detection of these diseases, and risk factors include over sixty years of age, weight gain, diabetes or high blood pressure the blood.
Symptoms of heart disease:
Coronary Artery Diseases:
For coronary artery disease or coronary artery disease, angina pectoris is the most common symptom of the disease and is expressed by feeling pain and pressure in the chest, heaviness or burning in it, or numbness or numbness, and angina (ie, its symptoms) can be felt in other parts, such as the left shoulder. It is worth noting that coronary artery disease may be accompanied by some other symptoms as well, including the following:
- Difficulty breathing, or shortness of breath.
- Weakness and fatigue.
- dizziness and lightheadedness;
- Pain, numbness, weakness, and coldness in the arms or legs in case of narrowing of the arteries responsible for blood supply in the arms or legs.
Heart arrhythmia or arrhythmia is a heart disease caused by a disturbance in the electrical signals responsible for regulating the heartbeat, which leads to irregular heartbeats, or an increase or decrease in the speed of these pulses. The symptoms that may accompany arrhythmia are as follows:
- chest pain;
- hard breathing.
- Absence of some heartbeats when monitored.
- dizziness and lightheadedness;
- Increase or slow heart rate.
Heart valve diseases:
Symptoms of heart valve disease do not express the severity of the disease, as some severe cases that require immediate treatment may be accompanied by some simple symptoms only, and vice versa, and symptoms of heart valve disease may include the following:
- Swelling in the feet and ankles.
- Easily or quickly feeling tired and unwell (feeling unusually tired).
- hard breathing.
- Heart palpitations; It is the feeling of a rapid, irregular, or interrupted heartbeat.
Congenital heart disease:
Congenital heart diseases, or CHDs for short, are diseases caused by congenital malformations of the heart and accompanying the person since birth. These diseases may affect the functions of the heart, and the way blood flows to different parts of the body, including the blood supply to the heart. Symptoms on the affected child within a short period of birth, and the symptoms that may appear in this case on the affected child are the following:
- Swelling in the abdomen or legs, or around the eyes.
- cyanosis or cyanosis; is the appearance of a pale blue or gray color on the affected child’s skin.
- Shortness of breath during breastfeeding in the infant, which in turn may lead to the infant’s low weight as a result of the difficulty in gaining weight.
As for less serious congenital heart diseases, their diagnosis may be delayed until a late stage of childhood, or after adulthood, and symptoms, in this case, may include the following:
- Swelling in the hands, feet or ankles.
- Feeling tired and exhausted quickly during exercise and some other activities.
- Rapidly feeling short of breath during some normal activities, or during exercise.
The term cardiomyopathy refers to diseases that affect the heart muscle, causing it to enlarge, increase its thickness, hardness, or scarring in rare cases, and these diseases differ in their accompanying symptoms, causes, and methods of treatment. It is accompanied by any obvious symptoms during the early stages of the disease, or it may not lead to the appearance of any symptoms on the affected person throughout the course of the disease, and with the progression of the disease and its impact on the functions of the heart muscle significantly, the heart muscle begins to weaken, which leads to the emergence of some symptoms associated with failure heart, including the following:
- Swelling in the abdomen, neck, feet, legs, and ankles.
- Difficulty breathing, or shortness of breath, especially during stress.
- Fainting during certain physical activities.
- Vertigo, dizziness.
- Chest pain, especially after eating large meals, or after physical stress.
Heart infection diseases:
There are a number of different heart infections, which are caused by a bacterial, viral, or parasitic infection, which leads to inflammation or damage to a part of the heart muscle, such as valves, the inner lining of the heart, or the outer membrane, or muscle tissue. Symptoms associated with heart infection vary according to the cause of the infection, and may include the following:
- hard breathing.
- Heart palpitations.
- Swelling in the abdomen or legs.
- Fainting, or dizziness.
- Pain or pressure in the chest area.
- Muscle and joint pain.
- Blood in the urine.
- Small red spots appear under the nails.
- Violet or red spots appear on the skin, inside the mouth, or in the whites of the eyes.
Many heart diseases can lead to heart muscle failure. It is one of the long-term health disorders that develop gradually over time and is represented by the inability of the heart to work efficiently to transfer blood to different parts of the body as a result of weakness or hardening of the heart muscle, and although it is often not possible to treat heart failure, symptoms can be controlled. It accompanies it for several years in many cases, and it is worth noting that heart failure does not mean that the heart stops working permanently, but rather the heart needs support and help to work better, and the symptoms associated with heart failure differ from one person to another and may develop gradually over a long period of time. Or it may appear suddenly.
Here is a list of some of the common symptoms that may accompany heart failure:
Shortness of breath: which may occur during various physical activities, during rest, or during sleep, causing awakening in some cases due to the inability to breathe, and the affected person may need to raise the chest and head when sleeping to relieve shortness of breath such as sleeping on several Cushions, which causes the patient to sleep or wake up tired.
- Persistent cough: The affected person may suffer from a cough accompanied by phlegm mixed with pink spots due to blood.
- Edema or swelling: such as swelling of the ankles, legs, feet, or abdomen, or weight gain.
- Fatigue and fatigue: This feeling may accompany the injured person at all times, and lead to difficulty in performing some activities such as walking and climbing stairs.
- Rapid heart rate: A person with a heart palpitation may feel a rapid heartbeat.
- Mental disorders: such as memory disturbance, confusion, and disorientation, and these symptoms can be noticed by the caregiver of the affected person.
- Other symptoms: such as loss of appetite and nausea represented by an upset stomach.
It is worth referring to the medical emergency in the event of suffering from chest pain, shortness of breath, or fainting, and the doctor should be consulted in the event of any of the symptoms previously mentioned above; Early detection of heart disease contributes to treatment, and you also find consulting a doctor in the event of a high risk of developing heart disease, such as having a family history of heart disease, to take the necessary preventive measures.