High blood pressure is caused by the force of blood pushing through the walls of blood vessels (arteries) as it is pumped out of the heart. The higher the blood pressure, the more the heart pumps blood. The blood pressure in a normal adult is defined as a blood pressure of 120 mm / Hg 1 with a heart rate (systolic blood pressure) and 80 mm / Hg and with a relaxed heart (diastolic blood pressure).
If the systolic blood pressure is 140 mm/Hg or more, and/or the diastolic blood pressure is 90 mm/Hg or more, this indicates an increase or increase in blood pressure.
Symptoms of high blood pressure:
There may not be clear or uniform symptoms between people to detect the symptoms of high blood pressure, but there are some common symptoms that can appear on the affected person, and the most famous of these symptoms are:
- A chronic headache that persists for a long period of time and may end with taking the analgesic, but soon returns after the analgesic have finished.
- Feeling shortness of breath and not being able to breathe normally, especially at night.
- Feeling severe dizziness, nausea, imbalance, and loss of ability to move normally.
- Exposure to laziness, lethargy, general weakness, and a feeling of constant fatigue and exhaustion with minimal physical exertion.
- Psychological imbalance, feelings of depression, anxiety, tension, mood swings and excessive sweating, especially at night
- Tremor and numbness or numbness in the muscles of the body.
- Feeling of an increased heart rate than normal.
- A sense of disturbance or distortion in the level of vision from the normal position and this effect is due to the symptoms of high pressure on the optic nerve.
- Severe pain in the joints and bones, especially in the neck area.
- Exposure to nosebleeds.
Complications of high blood pressure
Constant and uncontrolled high blood pressure may lead to many chronic and dangerous diseases that can threaten the body and life, and the most important of these complications are:
- Exposure to many chronic heart diseases, blood clotting, heart clots, and atherosclerosis, due to the heart’s inability to pump blood to the rest of the body normally.
- And weakness and enlargement of the heart muscle and eventually exposure to heart failure.
- Hardening and blockage of the arteries due to the lack of oxygen and blood to the muscles of the body, and thus leads to blood clotting and the occurrence of clots.
- Having some chronic diseases, such as chronic kidney disease, are due to the narrowing of the arteries that feed the kidneys.
- High incidence of stroke and stroke as a result of weakness in the walls of the arteries, which feed the brain as a result of high blood pressure.
- Exposure to disturbance, confusion or loss of vision, as a result of high blood pressure on the central nervous system and optic nerves and the inability to control it.
- Exposure to cases of angina pectoris and shortness of breath.
- Aneurysm and peripheral arterial disease.
- Have any problems with memory, comprehension, and concentration.
- Loss of ability or impotence.
Causes of high blood pressure
There may be no clear cause for this type of chronic disease, but there may be some factors that in turn lead to high blood pressure, and through the following lines, we will address the most famous of those causes of high blood pressure, which are as follows:
- Eating a large amount of salt and sodium is one of the most common causes of high blood pressure.
- Traffic in a lifetime.
- The high level of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, which causes hardening and blockage of the arteries, which results in symptoms of high pressure.
- The presence of disorders or problems in the thyroid gland.
- The presence of some genetic or genetic factors and a family member having previously had symptoms of high pressure.
- Obesity, weight gain and body fat accumulation are among the most important causes of high blood pressure.
- Exposure to psychological and life stresses, such as stress, anxiety, depression and agitation.
- Smoking and alcohol of all kinds.
- Incidence of some chronic neurological diseases, kidney disease, diabetes and other chronic diseases.
- Pregnancy: Pregnant women are more likely to have high blood pressure.
Methods for diagnosing high blood pressure
There are many diagnostic methods that a specialist doctor uses to detect the causes of high blood pressure symptoms, and accordingly, the appropriate treatment plan is determined according to the nature of each case. The most popular diagnostic methods are:
- Where the normal range of blood pressure in humans ranges between 120/80 and needs to be diagnosed several times at spaced intervals, measuring it 3 times on 3 different days. heart.
- Performing complete blood image tests (CBC) to detect the level of triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood. If “heart enzymes and proteins” are elevated, they indicate the presence of a clot in the heart in addition to the presence of symptoms of a heart attack, such as chest pain, or changes in the electrocardiogram.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG) examination.
- Echocardiography to test the extent of stress of the heart while taking dopamine
- Perform some imaging tests such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG) examination, which is performed to diagnose heart attacks and detect a heart clot and electrical signals as they travel through the heart in order to work on recording the signals as waves displayed on a screen or printed on paper.
- Cardiovascular X-ray examination with contrast angiography, where the contrast material is inserted into the carotid or vertebral artery.
Methods for treating high blood pressure
Therapeutic methods in such a case depend on treating the causes leading to cases of high blood pressure, and there are some curative and preventive methods that the doctor prescribes to the patient, which works to treat the symptoms of high pressure and avoid its complications or damage to the health of the body, and among the therapeutic methods used in the treatment of symptoms of high pressure are the following:
The doctor prescribes some thiazide drugs and diuretics, which greatly contribute to the excretion of water and sodium through the kidneys, thus lowering the pressure.
Prescribing beta-blockers that reduce the load on the heart, expand blood vessels, reduce heart rate, and other therapeutic drugs that reduce symptoms of high pressure.
The need to stay away as much as possible from excessive salt and sodium intake and smoking, and to follow a healthy diet
Make sure to eat leafy vegetables and fruits, because they contain water that improves the flow of blood circulation to the heart.
Paying attention to exercise for its role in stimulating the blood circulation in the body and enhancing the movement of blood flow in the arteries.
In the end
At the end of this article, we recommend seeking medical help in the event of any changes in the nature of the body and feeling the symptoms of high blood pressure that were mentioned previously. Treatment at Duxpert Health focuses primarily on the diagnosis and treatment of symptoms of high pressure and how to control the symptoms associated with it.